The three doshas are energies present within the body and mind. Maintaining the balance of each dosha allows the body systems to work effectively. All of the doshas can be found in everybody, but different people have more of some doshas than others – this determines a person’s constitution (or “prakriti” in Sanskrit). Although you have all three doshas inside you, you have a primary, secondary, and tertiary dosha. You may relate more to a specific dosha in your mind and another in your body. The dosha you have today may be different from the one you were born with.
Vata mind: Creative
Vata obstacle: Sticking to one idea
Vata imbalance: Anxiety
Cosmic force: Prana
Vatas are extremely creative. They are interested in the arts, literature, spirituality, philosophy, and anything else that allows them to think outside the box. They talk quickly and have a million ideas in their heads. However, they can be very indecisive and change their minds frequently. They have a restless energy and tend to over-analyze things. The obstacle for Vatas is that all this movement in their minds can sometimes go haywire. They don’t know how to put a stop to their thoughts. They go from brainstorming genius ideas to over-analysing pointless situations, repeating conversations in their heads. This makes them easily distracted, and they sometimes can go off on tangents. They have an especially hard time staying grounded and are often very flighty, moody, and changeable. They’re extremely sensitive to their environments and even a sound can disrupt them. They are prone to nervous system issues like anxiety, nervousness, and panic attacks. Vatas must work on establishing routine, slowing down, and building their digestive fire (agni).
The natural qualities of Vata are action, sensation, and enthusiasm, perception, enthusiasm, inspiration, communication, exercise and action.
A Vata has a lot of airy characteristics in their body, such as bloating and restless thoughts.
Prana is the mental form of Vata. Prana (life energy) is connected to the Vata dosha. Prana is expressed as creativity, lightness, enthusiasm, and intuition.
According to Ayurveda, the secret to health lies in the digestive system. The Ayurvedic word for digestion is the Sanskrit term for fire, agni. In an Ayurvedic Psychology sense, not only do you digest food, but you also digest emotions, senses, and experiences. If your agni is not burning bright, you feel stuck and depleted, both physically and mentally. Unprocessed emotions are just as harmful as unprocessed foods, adding heaviness and toxicity to the mind and body.
When agni is imbalanced, you may experience:
All Doshas in balance are sattvic (one of three gunas or qualities) meaning complete and whole.
Rajas is connected to Vata and movement, hence these individuals’ constant desire for change.
The Gunas are:
Sattva (harmony, virtue) – Rajas (energy, passion) – Tamas (restraint, passivity)
The doshas and gunas combine to affect personality.
Next, complete the three gunas quiz to find out which guna is currently dominating your life.
Source: Ayurveda (Idiot’s Guides) by Sahara Rose Ketabi
Pitta mind: Ambitious
Pitta obstacle: Burnout
Pitta imbalance: Anger
Cosmic force: Tejas
Pittas are very driven. They are interested in anything else that’s achievement-oriented. They have organized minds and do well with structure. They are naturally domineering and tend to take positions of leadership and management. Sometimes that drive can become excessive. They can be controlling, demanding, and impatient with others. They are prone toward burnout and adrenal fatigue due to their perfectionist mentalities. Pitta types are ambitious and hard-working. They’re very focused and complete one task before starting another. They have very organized minds and work on a schedule. They are able to follow through with tasks, no matter how much effort it takes. They may become angry when things don’t go their way and impatient when others take too long to perform a task. Pittas expect everyone else to put in as much effort as they do. They hold themselves at a very high standard and demand others to do the same. Pittas can be seen as intimidating for this reason. Pittas also are prone to burnout because they don’t know how to take a rest. They are so used to having a great deal of energy that they oftentimes overpass their limits. They have difficulty seeing the benefits of taking it easy and want to get as much done as they can, and now. This causes their mental health to suffer, leaving them prone to adrenal fatigue. The biggest task for Pittas is to take things slow and cool down.
The natural qualities of Pitta are cheerfulness, intelligence and vision.
A Pitta has excess heat throughout their body, including increased body temperature and temper problems.
Tejas is the mental form of Pitta. Tejas (meaning “illumination“ or “fire“) is connected to the pitta dosha. Tejas is expressed as courage, intellect, drive, and radiance.
When agni is imbalanced, you may experience impatience.
Sattva is connected to Pitta and associated with the ability to concentrate for long periods.
Kapha mind: Peaceful
Kapha obstacle: Putting others before self
Kapha imbalance: Depression
Cosmic force: Ojas
Kaphas are very compassionate. They are people-pleasers and often put the needs of others before their own. They are natural caregivers and tend to the needs of those around them, often before their own. Their kindness is their strength, and they go out of their way to please their loved ones. They are extremely loyal and keep their friendships and relationships for the long haul. They thrive with people in one-on-one scenarios and make great listeners. Patience is their virtue. Kaphas are extremely reliable and can always be counted on for support. They are calm and peaceful, but have a tendency to be slow and resistant to change. Kaphas hold things within themselves. This makes them become heavier, with both weight and emotional grief. They often hold on to the past and become depressed due to emotional eating and weight gain. Those with Kapha minds are patient and compassionate thinkers, prone to depression and loneliness. Kaphas need to move their bodies, try new things, and practice forgiveness to gain balance.
The natural qualities of Kapha are stability of the body, potency, strength, calmness and forbearance.
Kapha has substantial grounding in their body, from heaviness to laziness.
Ojas is the mental form of Kapha. Ojas (meaning “the physiological expression of consciousness”) is connected to the kapha dosha. Ojas is related to Kapha and gives you patience and stability. Ojas is expressed as vitality and endurance.
Tamas is connected to Kapha and can make an individual slow and deliberate with a tendency to dislike change.
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