…doing Sadhana [spiritual practice] means assuming the existence of a phantom. Who is to do Sadhana and for what purpose? Is it not enough to see the false as false? The entity that you think you are is false. You are the reality.
Once it is understood, or rather, apperceived intuitively, that an entity is purely a conceptual notion, what remains is merely a re-integration — Yoga — in universality…
What remains is pure non-volitional ‘being lived’…
– Nisargadatta Maharaj
Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj explained sadhana, spiritual practice, as follows:
Listening: Paying close attention to the teaching of the Sadguru invariably brings change. This is exemplified in the dialog between Sri Krishna and Arjuna as described in the Gita. Arjuna listened carefully even while fighting a war, and was liberated. There is no need to listen once the change is complete.
Bhajans: The chitta (inner mind) is purified by the words and singing of devotional songs. Worldly thoughts are at abeyance at such time. For some people this is the best practice.
Chanting: Silently reciting the name of a chosen deity, or a mantra (secret set of words given by a Guru), while paying attention to the breath. A mantra is usually given during the initiation of a seeker. Since mind and breath are closely related, prana – the life force, is thus purified. The mantra gets personified. This leads to dissolution of the mind and results in a state of samadhi (yogic inner trance)…
Meditation: For purification of the mind, dhyana or meditation, is the best practice. After waking up and before going to bed, meditate for half an hour. This is what Maharaj used to prescribe:
Sit steady with the back erect. Contemplate on: ‘I am not the body. I am formless. I am self-illumined, pure consciousness’. Remain aware of pure consciousness without words till you forget yourself while still awake. Do not visualize any deity, or chant any name. Just ‘TO BE’ and to remain steady with the awareness ‘I AM’ is the beginning and end of spiritual practice.
Source: ‘Meditations With Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj’ by Suresh Mehta